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Course 6B - After a Suicide: Toolkit for Schools - Quiz

 

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1)
When a suicide occurs in a school community, the first line for prevention of potential suicide contagion among vulnerable classmates is
 
prevention
postvention
memorialization
 
2)
Postvention is
 
a process which analyzes and seeks to determine why the suicide occurred and how the system can better support others who are similarly stressed.
activity after a student suicide that helps students and staff cope with the emotional distress and prevents additional trauma that could lead to suicide contagion.
both of the above
 
3)
A School Crisis Response Team should include the following components, drawing support from District Resources when necessary:
 
nurses, counselors, and other Mental Health professionals
Information Technology (IT) to handle social media
cultural representation
administrators
all of the above
 
4)
The best starting point for confirming that a death has been declared a suicide is to contact
 
the family
the local coroner or medical examiner
the local police department
 
5)
To make accurate information available as quickly as possible after a student death, the school should maintain a positive working relationship with
 
the local police
the coroner or medical examiner
both of the above
none of the above, because of confidentiality issues
 
6)
Schools should treat all student deaths in the same way (e.g., a student who dies of cancer and a student who dies by suicide).
 
True False
 
7)
Postvention efforts are essentially the same, regardless of the cultural diversity of those affected by the suicide.
 
True False
 
8)
Out of respect for the family's privacy and their need for time alone, school personnel should wait for the family to initiate the discussion about what students can be told, the plans for the funeral, and identification of the student’s friends who may need assistance.
 
True False
 
9)
If the family is asking that the cause of death not be disclosed, a member of the administration or mental health team should contact the family to explain that school personnel talking with students about suicide and its causes can help keep students safe.
 
True False
 
10)
What is NOT true?
 
Confirming as much factual information as possible before communicating with students is important.
Administrators should wait until all facts of the death are known before communicating with students about the death.
Time is of the essence in presenting factual information to students, because social media and other communication about the death is likely occurring.
In the absence of factual information, speculation and rumors can exacerbate the emotional upheaval within the school.
 
11)
When it is necessary, students may be notified of the death in an assembly, but not over the PA system.
 
True False
 
12)
Unless the family refuses permission to release the suicide information, school administrators and other crisis team personnel should inform students that the deceased died by suicide.
 
True False
 
13)
When the school administrator and staff see that the emotional atmosphere in the school is escalating, they should activate the Crisis Response Team.
 
True False
 
14)
What is NOT a function or action of the school's Crisis Response Team following a suicide death?
 
Organize 'safe rooms' for students who are in need of assistance, to meet with Mental Health staff.
Facilitate communication with parents and staff members when concerns arise about the reaction of particular students.
Collaborate with the funeral director pertaining to the potential needs and reactions of classmates at the funeral.
When the cause of death has not been officially determined, say to students, “At this time, this is what we know…” and acknowledge that there may be inaccurate or hurtful rumors circulating.
Discourage discussion of the deceased's possible underlying mental health issues or struggles.
 
15)
If the family refuses to permit disclosure that the death was a suicide, schools can
 
tell students, 'The family has requested that information about the cause of death not be shared at this time.'
say to students, 'We know there has been a lot of talk about whether this was a suicide death.'
say to students, 'We would like to use the opportunity to talk with students about suicide in general, including ways to prevent it and how to get help for yourself or others.'
all of the above
 
16)
In Appendix A: When talking with students about the suicide, it is important to avoid a suggestion that the individual may have had mental health or substance abuse problems or that he or she was struggling with specific issues.
 
True False
 
17)
If key members of school staff are of a different racial, ethnic, or religious group than the deceased, a culturally compatible individual is identified to act as a liaison between the family, community, and school. This individual is referred to as
 
'a primary liaison'
'a cultural empathizer'
'a cultural broker'
 
18)
The Crisis Response Team should confer with teachers and parents to identify the relevant social networking sites, in order to facilitate strategic use of social media -- sharing information, providing prevention-oriented messaging, and identifying students who could be at risk.
 
True False
 
19)
The school administration should not communicate with commercial media (newspapers, TV stations, radio stations). This is the prerogative of the family.
 
True False
 
20)
What is NOT recommended in the aftermath of an adolescent's suicide?
 
Depending upon the family's wishes, help disseminate information to staff and students and their parents about the logistics of the funeral and what to expect (e.g., an open casket).
Arrange for school and community counselors, and parents of students if possible, to be present at the funeral.
Explain to students that suicide is caused by a single overwhelming event which is unique to that person.
The focus should not be on how the person killed themselves but rather on how the death has affected the individual student, and how he or she is coping with feelings of sadness, loss, anger, etc.
Acknowledge that the individual was experiencing a lot of distress and pain and was likely struggling with specific issues (which should be identified if known).
 
21)
In Helping Students Cope: When the school administrator and staff begin to see signs that the emotional atmosphere is escalating, they should begin communication in small groups and classrooms about the reasons for suicide and feelings about the deceased individual.
 
True False
 
22)
In 'Helping Students Cope' and in 'Appendix A': The primary emphasis following a suicide should be normalizing the academic environment. Individual counseling sessions should, therefore, be scheduled outside of school hours whenever possible.
 
True False
 
23)
In the Helping Students Cope section, what format is NOT recommended to assist students in coping with the death of a classmate?
 
Small group meetings which are either structured and time limited or open-ended, held in individual offices in the building.
Group discussions in classrooms led by the home room teacher to encourage constructive expression of grief.
Mental health professionals visiting classrooms to give accurate information, prepare students for normal feelings, and provide safe coping strategies.
 
24)
If there is an ongoing law enforcement investigation to determine if the death was a suicide or homicide, what is NOT something that school administration should do?
 
Maintain close communication with the police to determine what school personnel can and cannot say to the school community, to avoid interfering with the investigation.
Determine if there are certain students or staff who must be interviewed by the police before the school can debrief or counsel them in any way.
Make an administrative decision as to what personnel can and cannot communicate about the deceased, from a HIPAA perspective.
Communicate with the police about off-campus sites where students may be congregating to memorialize the deceased.
 
25)
Attempting to influence the clergy about what to say and not say about the deceased student at the funeral is inappropriate.
 
True False
 
26)
The risk of suicide contagion among students is unrelated to the amount, duration, prominence, and content of media coverage.
 
True False
 
27)
'Postvention' refers to
 
intervention and support of those who are impacted by a suicide
services of an outside resource such as a consultant to assist schools with recovery from a suicide event and development of resilience.
focus upon the prevention of potential suicide contagion among vulnerable members of the school community
all of the above
 
28)
Memorializing the student who died must be carefully planned and monitored because it can result in suicide contagion among other students who may be at risk.
 
True False
 
29)
Regarding the development of policies and procedures pertaining to Memorialization of deceased students, the school should give priority to _______________.
 
comforting students who want to remember the deceased student
protecting students who might be vulnerable to contagion
the wishes of the family
 
30)
Which instance of memorialization is not recommended, and should be compassionately prevented?
 
Creation and distribution of images of the deceased, such as on T-shirts or buttons.
Spontaneous memorial displays (leaving flowers, cards, poems, pictures, stuffed animals, signed posters and other items) which are left in place for longer than five days or after the funeral.
Setting up posters in common areas where they can be readily seen and signed by classmates
Lowering flags to half mast on the school grounds
all of the above
 
31)
What is NOT one of the recommended practices for safe memorialization of a student who died by suicide?
 
Memorialize the student in a way that does not inadvertently glamorize or romanticize either the student or the death.
A school should develop its policy on memorialization before a suicide death occurs.
Schools should consider policies which support a different type of memorialization for students who die by suicide vs. those who die from accidents or illness.
The goal is to memorialize the student who died without risking suicide contagion among other students.
 
32)
It is inappropriate for school administration to become involved in how grieving students choose to use social media following the suicide death of a classmate.
 
True False
 
33)
Suicide contagion accounts for between _________ percent of all youth suicide deaths annually.
 
8 and 10
5 and 8
1 and 5
 
34)
Adolescents appear to be ______________ to imitative suicide when compared to adults.
 
more susceptible
less susceptible
equally susceptible
 
35)
The vast majority of teens who experience very stressful life events become suicidal at some point, whether they make an attempt or not.
 
True False
 
36)
In Appendix A, pertaining to the first classroom notification of the death: The issue of suicide is raised and discussed, even if the cause of death has not been determined or the family does not want the cause of death to be disclosed.
 
True False
 
37)
In Appendix A: If the family of the deceased student gives permission, the school may communicate with the parents of surviving students about common reactions following a suicide and how adults can help youth cope.
 
True False
 
38)
In Appendix B, under Working with the Community, there is an active internet link to educational information pertaining to which, below?
 
A Guide for Funeral Directors
Recommendations for Religious Services
both of the above
Suicide Clusters and Contagion
all of the above
 

 

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